Pastor-teacher Don Hargrove

Faith Bible Church

Sunday, September 5, 2010


Three cardinal truths of Christianity: 1) Salvation,  (eternal status),  Rom 3:28; 4:2-5.  2) Fellowship with God  (daily life with God), 1 Jn 1:5-9. 3)  Spiritual maturity (growing life with God), Eph 4:12-16; 2 Cor 10:3-5.





A.  David was supremely a man of truth, Psa 15, 25:4, 31:5, 51:6.


B.  Philosophical foundations (first principles) of truth 

            1.  Truth is the epistemic precondition (first principle).

            2.  False views of truth

                        a)  #1, pragmatic view (William James)

b)  #2, coherence view  

                        c)  #3, functional view (many Christians)

                        d)  Truth is not “that which is existentially relevant” (Kierkegaard) 

                        e)  Truth is not “that which feels good”

            3.  True biblical view of truth is the correspondence theory, Dt 18:22; Prov 8:7; Isa 45:19; Jer 9:5; Jn 8:44-45; 10:35; 17:17; 18:37-38; Rom 1:25; Ex 20:16.

            4.  Tests for truth must be determined by the appropriate methods.  

           5. Truth cannot be separated from the first principles of logic.

                        a) #1, the law of non-contradiction

                        b) #2, the law of excluded middle

                        c) #3, the law of identity

            6.  Truth cannot be separated from the hypothetical syllogisms of logic

a)  Modus ponens – affirming the antecedent

b)  Modus tollens  denying the consequent

            7.  Truth is what really is; logic is what really is.

            8.  The perniciousness of postmodernism (see Douglas Groothuis, Truth Decay).

                        a) The nature of postmodernism

                        b) Rejection of absolute metanarrative truth

                        c) Rejection of correspondence view of truth

                        d) Rejection of absolute Bible doctrine

                        e) Rejection of the absolute gospel

                        f)  Rejection of absolute morality

                        g) Rejection of modernity’s metavalues

                        h) Rejection of intrinsic goodness in art and music

                        I)  TV is the single greatest agent of postmodern brainwashing, deconstruction of truth, and the destruction of the rational well-ordered human mind.

                        j) The only hope of ever escaping postmodernism is truth/Bible doctrine.

            9.  Postmodern Christianity (Emergent church).

            10.  What we think about God is the most important thing about us.


C.  Biblical foundations of truth. 

            1. The church is designed to be the pillar and foundation of truth, 1 Tim 3:15.

            2.  Biblical meaning of truth.

                        a)  Hebrew and Greek words.

                        b)  Definition and description. “Truth is that which corresponds to its referent, i.e. the state of affairs it purports to describe.  Truth is telling it like it is. Truth is in contrast to false which is telling it like it is not (1 Jn 2:21). Truth is absolute: God cannot lie (2 Cor 1:18; Titus 1:2; Heb 6:18), and His Word cannot pass away (Mk 13:31; Psa 117:2).

                        c)  The demonic/satanic nature of positive thinking movements (secular and “Christian”) can be seen in their denial of truth as it is and their attempts to create their own truths, like Satan.

                        d) The believer who is not a truth seeker only “comes to” God for his own psychological, emotional, or practical needs and is incapable of truly knowing or loving God.

            3.  God is truth by His very nature, Dt 32:4; Num 23:19; 1 Sam 15:29; Psa 31:5, 33:4; Prov 8:7; Isa 45:19; Jn 14:6, 15:26, 1 Thess 1:9; Heb 6:18; 1 Jn 4:6.

            4.  Because God is truthful

a) We can trust His promises, Psa 89:35.

b) We can be assured of our salvation, 2 Tim 2:13.

c) We are protected, Psa 91:4

d) We are saved, Eph 1:13

e) We are positionally sanctified, 2 Thess 2:13.

f)  We can be liberated, Jn 8:32

g) We are established forever, Psa 117:2.

h) We should always speak the truth, Eph 4:25.

i)  We should walk in His truth, Psa 86:11; 3 Jn 1:4.

j)  We should serve Him in truth, 1 Sam 12:24

k) We should diligently study His truth, 2 Tim 2:15; Jn 17:17.

l)  We should worship in truth, Jn 4:24.

m) We should pray to be led in truth, Psa 25:4-5.                                             

            5.  Truth is knowable, Rom 1:20; Psa 19; 1 Cor 2.

            6.  Biblical truth is exclusive, specific, and universal.

            7.  Biblical truth is systematic and unified.

            8.  Biblical truth is an end, not a means to another end.

            9. Biblical truth is powerful because it allows us to enter into divine reality.

            10.  Man loves to both suppress and distort divine Truth, Rom 1:18-25, 1 Tim 3.

            11. Rejection of divine truth means ending up living a lie.

            12. Jesus Christ is called Truth because he personifies truth, Jn 14:6. 

            13.  Jesus Christ came to testify to Truth, Jn 1:17; 18:33. 

14. Jesus Christ who brought enormous truth and grace, Jn 1:17; 18:33.

            15. Only the truth that Christ brings can free us morally, spiritually, & culturally, Jn  8:31.

            16.  Truth is greater than any and all earthly possessions,  Psa 19:10; Pro 3:13; 8:10, 17, 16:16;  Psa 119:127; Prov 23:23.

17. Truth must be taught, Psa 25:5; Jn 8:31-32; Isa 38:19; Mt 22:16.

            18.  It is impossible to serve the Lord apart from truth, Josh 24:14, 1 Sam. 12:24; 1 Kings 2:4; Jn 4:24;

            19.  Truth confronts and challenges us, Gal 4:16. 

            20.  God desires for all men to be saved and come to a epignosis knowledge of truth,1 Tim 2:3-4. 

            21.  Truth gives us guidance throughout life, Psa 43:3.

            22.  Truth is the basis of worship, Jn 4:24

            23.  Truth will sanctify and preserve us, Psa 40:11; Jn 17.

            24.  God wants truth inside of us, Psa 51:6; 2 Cor 11:10.

            25.  In the last days, truth will be rejected, 2 Thess 2:7-12; 2 Tim 3:1-8; 4:1-4.

            26.  The JSJC is according to Truth, 1 Cor 4:5

            27.  The GWT is according to Truith, Rev 20:11-15.


D.   David and Saul:  doctrinal principles related to the believer regarding supergrace (suffering for blessings) and reversionism (suffering from discipline).

1.  God progressively makes war against the arrogant believer, but gives greater to the grace oriented believer, Js 4:4-6; 1 Pet 5:5-6; Prov 3:34.

2.  Supergrace blessings are those special blessings that God has specifically designed for each believer, Isa 30:18; Eph 3:14-20; 1 Cor 2:9-10.

3.  Humbling yourself under the mighty hand of God means, among other things, refusing to take things into your own hands when you are treated unfairly.

4.  By waiting on the Lord, and thus avoiding anger and bitterness, the believer remains GO and therefore develops greater capacity for the greater grace blessings.

5.  God’s promotions in life are always a matter of His grace and His timing.

6.  What makes waiting on the Lord (i.e. perseverance) so difficult is lack of faith in the blessedness of the POG, lack of trust in God, inordinate ambition, competition, lust for things, and a desire to seek happiness in the wrong way.

7.  Waiting on the Lord means waiting for God’s promotion and in the meantime remaining faithful in the “little” things, as God prepares you for the bigger things.

8. Testing is required to remove deficiencies in the believer’s character and thus develop capacity in the believer for the greater things in the plan of God, Js 1:2-4.

9. The issue in all testing is always the ways of God, Psa 27:11; 37:31; Heb 11.

10.  Protracted testing is designed to develop protracted faith (perseverance) with its development of protracted capacity for the escrow (greater grace) blessings of God, Isa 30:18.

11.  It is the daily fellowship with God and intake of the Word of God that prepare the believer not only for the upcoming tests in life but for those fantastic blessings and promotions as well.

12.  God is waiting to bless the believer with the greater grace blessings (escrow), but the believer must develop the capacity for those blessings, and this capacity is best developed under protracted testing with requires protracted waiting on the Lord, Isa 30:18.

            13.  All suffering is either for discipline (Saul) or blessing (David).

            14.  Characteristics of suffering for blessing includes: maturation, mastery of the details of life, difficulties remain bearable, difficulties never make you miserable, greater orientation to the grace of God and the Word of God, and a deeper relationship with God, cf. 2 Cor 12:7-10; Phil 4:10-12.

15.  Fundamental principles to remember in suffering:

                        a)  Suffering for blessing is accompanied with courage, confidence and divine peace, Jn 16:33. 

                        b)  Avoid thinking that your suffering is unique, 1 Cor 10:13.

c)  Suffering or adversity is necessary to produce spiritual character, Rom 5:3-5.

d)  Suffering for blessing is designed to produce eternal rewards, Rom 8:18; 2 Cor 4:16-18, Rev 2-3.

                        e)  Only suffering can produce the attitude of biblical humility (grace orientation) and wisdom, 2 Cor 12:3-7; Jas 1:2-6; 4:6.

f)  The aim of suffering is always to bring you closer to Christ, Phil 4:11-13.

            16.  Panorama of suffering in First Peter—suffering is designed  

            a)  To refine and develop of your faith/B.D, 1:6-7.

                        b)  To refine and develop your priesthood, 2:19. 

c)  To refine and develop your ambassadorship, 3:14-16. 

d)  To refine and develop your commitment to the Lord Jesus Christ, 4:12-14.

e)  To develop greater strength, stability, and maturity, 1 Pet 5:10.