The Church Age Priesthood
Preparation for Study: James 1:21, Hebrews 4:12
Scriptural support for the Church Age priesthood.
1. Revelation 1:6 and He(Jesus) has made(aorist of poieo) us(all believers) to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.
2. 1 Peter 2:5 you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
3. 1 Peter 2:9 But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God's OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;
4. Jesus Christ is now our High Priest therefore we are His priests. Heb. 2:17, 3:1, 4:14, 15, 5:10, 6:20, 7:26, 8:1, 9:11
History of the priesthood:
1. Before the law, the head of the family acted as a priest. Gen. 8:20, 26:25, 31:54, Job 1:5
2. God offered all of
4. After the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, Jesus ascended to the Holy of Holies to function as High Priest. This changed the priesthood for many reasons.
a. Christ as High Priest cannot function in the Levitical priesthood because He was not from the family of Aaron. Therefore, He is High Priest according to the order of Melchizedek. Hebrews 7:11-17
i. Both were appointed by God
ii. Both were king-priests
iii. Both were King of righteousness
iv. Both were King of Peace
b. Jesus as High Priest holds His priesthood permanently. Heb. 7:24
c. There is no longer a sacrifice for sins. 7:26, 27
i. This does not mean that there is no longer need for confession, however because of our High Priest, confession of sin is made without an offering. 1 John 1:9
ii. This means that there cannot be a sacrifice for sins. No guilt offering, no “I won’t do it again” offering, no tears, no giving up something, no promise to study more. Absolutely nothing.
iii. Every time someone tries to make an offering for sin they insult the grace of God and sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Unwittingly they reveal a lack of faith in what their High Priest accomplished.
d. There is now unlimited access to the throne of grace, because Jesus is now in the Holy of Holies permanently. Hebrews 8:1-2
e. The Levitical Priesthood presented a shadow and type of what was to come. 8:5, 9:11-12, 10:1
5. During the Millennium there will be a return of the Levitical priesthood. Ezekiel 40-46
Parallels to the Levitical priesthood and Church Age priesthood:
The Church age priesthood according to 1 Peter 2:5 -
a. Keep on being built up. A present passive imperative of oikodemeo.
b. This imperative represents the fact that spiritual growth is a choice and there is no spiritual growth without positive volition.
c. The passive form represents the fact that the means for spiritual growth is provided by God’s grace. Ephesians 4:11, 12, Acts 20:32
a. Praise to God. The offering of the lips. Hebrews 13:15
i. Praise is defined by this verse. It is an offering of the lips. And it is a confession to His name. Homologeo when referring to praise always speaks truth to the works or Character of God.
ii. This offering should be done at all times and through all circumstances.
1. True praise does not require a band and a “praise and worship leader”. Emotion leaders are often leaders of selfish praise.
iii. True praise speaks the truth about God and does not try to prove one’s love for God. It focuses on who God is rather than what God gives. Revelation 4:8-11, 5:9-13, , 12, 15:3, 4, Rev. 19:1, 2
iv. All offering should point to the grace of God rather than focus on self and what you gave up, just as all Levitical offerings pointed to grace and never to personal merit.
b. Offering of the body: Romans 12:1, 2
i. An offering to God to serve with all of your being. It is the logical thing to do.
ii. The service points to your priesthood. Heb. 9:1
iii. This requires renewing of the mind to know and do what is well pleasing and acceptable to God. This helps gravitate thinking of God’s will from being about you to being about God.
iv. Paul recognized his ministry as an offering acceptable God. Romans , 16, Phil. , 2 Timothy 4:6
c. Offering of goods or sharing. Hebrews 13:6
i. 2 Corinthians 9:12-13, Philippians 4:18
i. Gives more meaning to keeping the Word of God. John 14:23, Revelation 14:12
1. This requires love and respect for the Word of God.
ii. An ambassador for Christ. 2 Corinthians 5:12
i. Intercession requires knowledge of God and the Word of God as per Moses.
ii. Intercession is not to be selfishly motivated.
iii. Intercession focuses first on the glory of God.
iv. Asking others to pray without praying yourself is a lack of understanding of this privilege.
The Future and our present priesthood as preparation: