ANGER: Greek Usage of

1.   Thumos:  This is boiling agitation of feeling or emotional turbulence, tantrums, and is translated “wrath” in Eph. 4:31.  This type of anger is forbidden in your personal life and certainly has no place in the local church.  This type of anger involves the emotions.

             Luke 4:28 And all in the synagogue were filled with rage as they heard these things;

            2 Corinthians 12:20 For I am afraid that perhaps when I come I may find you to be not what I wish and may be found by you to be not what you wish; that perhaps there may be strife, jealousy, angry tempers, disputes, slanders, gossip, arrogance, disturbances;

 

            Galatians 5:19 Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, 20 idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions,

 

            Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice.

                        Colossians 3:8 But now you also, put them all aside: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and abusive speech from your mouth.

 

2.  Paragismos:  This is anger accompanied by antagonism, resentment, bitterness, exasperation.    This anger is designed to make others angry.   It is translated “wrath” in Eph. 4:26.   These emotional outbursts are forbidden.  This is mental attitude sin where individuals are angry—they burn on the inside, Eph 6:4.

            Ephesians 6:4 And, fathers, do not provoke your children to anger; but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.

3.   Orge: This is mental attitude anger which can be legitimate—or it can be used in the wrong manner.

            a.   Legitimate orge:  This side of orge is commanded, it is legitimate when guided by Bible Doctrine, Mark 3:5; Acts 13:9-11.  This does not grieve the Holy Spirit.

                                     Mark 3:5 And after looking around at them with anger, grieved at their hardness of heart, He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored.

 

                        (1)  It is a mental attitude of resentment toward heresy.

                        (2)  It is a mental attitude of resentment toward legalism.

                        (3)  It is a mental attitude of resentment toward unbelief.

                        (4)  It is a mental attitude of resentment toward religion or anything antagonistic to the Word.  It also can be used in the wrong manner.

            b.   Wrong Use:  This is resentment that is definitely in the category of mental attitude sins.

                         Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice.

                          Colossians 3:8 But now you also, put them all aside: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and abusive speech from your mouth.

 

                          Matthew 5:22 "But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever shall say to his brother, 'Raca,' shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever shall say, 'You fool,' shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.

             

                          Luke 15:28 "But he became angry, and was not willing to go in; and his father came out and began entreating him.

 

                          Revelation 11:18 "And the nations were enraged, and Thy wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to give their reward to Thy bond-servants the prophets and to the saints and to those who fear Thy name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.